Hexagonal Boron Nitride (h-BN)

h-BN Hexagonal Boron Nitride Hexagonal boron nitride is a semiconductor with a direct band gap of ~5.9 eV and has been used extensively as an insulator for the production of ultrahigh mobility 2D heterostructures composed of various types of 2D semiconductors (e.g. WSe2, MoSe2, etc). The layers are stacked together via van der Waals interactions and can be exfoliated into thin 2D layers, down to monolayer h-BN. To buy hexagonal boron nitride crystals please click here.

The h-BN crystals from HQ Graphene have a typical lateral size of ~0.1 cm and are transparent. The monocrystalline h-BN is an excellent insulator which is represented by its very large breakdown voltage (>0.4 V/nm). Large area size h-BN single crystals can be can be exfoliated onto a substrate (eg. SiO2, quartz, polymer, etc). Sizes range up to ~100 μm for crystals with a thickness of a few tens on nm thick. A selection of peer review publications on the hexagonal Boron Nitride we sell can be found below.

h-BN crystal properties
Crystal size ~1 mm
Electrical properties Insulator/Semiconductor
Crystal structure Hexagonal
Unit cell parameters a = b = 0.2502 nm, c = 0.6617 nm, α = β = 90°, γ = 120°
Type Synthetic
Purity Grade A
Characterized by XRD, Raman, EDX
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The single crystal h-BN is characterized using:

XRD: single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction (D8 Venture Bruker and D8 Advance Bruker)
EDX: Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy for stoichiometric analysis
Raman: 785nm Raman system

Raman, XRD and EDX on h-BN:

Click on an image to zoom

X-ray diffraction on a hexagonal boron nitride single crystal aligned along the (001) plane. XRD was performed at room temperature using a D8 Venture Bruker. The 4 XRD peaks correspond, from left to right, to (00l) with l = 1, 2, 3

Raman spectrum of a single crystal hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). Measurement was performed with a 785nm Raman system at room temperature.

Device at left side: Fabrication of a high mobiltity bilayer graphene. This field effect transistor is fabricated using the polymer 2D_CL_PC ( click here ). The device is composed out of four 2D layers. The bilayer graphene is encapsulated between two hexagonal boron nitride crystals (h-BN). The fourth layer is a thin layer of graphite (HOPG) which is used as a backgate. Scale bar is 20μm. Device at right side: This device is similar to the one at the left side, here we added on the top hexagonal boron nitride layer a gold electrode in order to apply a top gate voltage to the hBN encapsulated bilayer graphene. Scale bar is 20μm

HQ Graphene Wiki on:

h-BN (Hexagonal Boron Nitride)

1. G. Cassabois et al., "Hexagonal boron nitride is an indirect bandgap semiconductor", Nature photonics 10, 262-266 (2016), link to article:

2. S. Dufferwiel et al. "Exciton-polaritons in van der Waals heterostructures embedded in tunable microcavities", Nature Communications 6, 8579 (2015), link to article:


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